Here is a live document to help with common questions regarding CBD hemp oil.
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The first thing you’ll probably notice when researching CBD hemp oils is that there are a confusing amount of numbers. The prominent number is usually the total amount of CBD or total cannabinoids contained in the bottle/container. Usually it is measured in milligrams or mg. It can usually vary between 100 – 2000mg and the potency of the product matches accordingly; the higher the number, the higher of the potency. *Note, be sure to match the CBD/cannabinoid milligrams to the same total bottle size as different companies offer different sizes such as 15 ml (½ ounce), the standard 30 ml (1 ounce), etc.
Some companies also list the amount of CBD/cannabinoids contained per serving. You could see something like 50mg/ml. This would mean there is 50 mg of CBD/cannabinoids per ml of oil. If it doesn’t list this info, you can do some simple math and divide the total mg listed and divide by the total bottle amount to get a mg/ml ratio.
Spagyric (or Spagyria) is an English word that means ‘alchemy’. Alchemy is over 4 thousand years old and the practice is meant to purify and perfect objects. How it relates to herbal medicine and remedies is through spagyrics. The spagyric process involves fermentation, extraction, purification, recombination and ending up with a raw tincture.
All of this is done without harsh chemicals, only organic alcohol and in vacuum so heat doesn’t destroy medicinal plant elements.
The premise behind spagyrics is 3 alchemical properties: Mercury, Salt & Sulfur. Let’s go into more detail into what they represent:
Mercury: the water element and life essence of the herb/plant and this is done through ethanol extraction.
Salt: the earth element and the mineral salts (see image above) extracted from the plant
Sulfur: the fire element and the oil essence of the plant.
How does hemp spagyric processing work?
(Below is a very simplified process, so please do not try to follow these instructions, as they may cause harm to you or someone else.)
Step two, after our ethanol extraction of the hemp plant material, is to take the leftover plant material and burn it to a white ash (Calcination) to extract the minerals and salts. Then it’s mixed with distilled water, filtered and evaporated to crystallize.
The last step is to take the raw hemp tincture from step one and recombined with the crystallized mineral salts. This product now contains all of the acids, oils and minerals in a purified and concentrated form and it has become a spagyric whole plant full spectrum hemp extract.
We then take this pure and raw complete full spectrum hemp extract and dilute it with fractionated coconut oil (so it doesn’t harden in colder temps) to create the desired potency. We only create high potency hemp oil products as they provide the highest medicinal value.
There are over 100 cannabinoids in the Cannabis Sativa L. hemp plant, but there are 10 that are the most commonly referred to compounds, each having their own unique properties and healing benefits. Below are the most common hemp cannabinoids.
This is why Zion Medicinals ONLY uses full spectrum whole plan hemp extracts in its oils & salves.
- THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) This is the psychoactive element that most people associate with a ‘high’ feeling, but it has medicinal properties as well.
- THC-A (Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) thc-a converts to thc when the plant is dried, so if you wanted thc-a specific benefits you’d have to juice the plant raw.
- THC-V or THV(Tetrahydrocannabivarin) Only trace amounts found in most hemp strains
- CBN(Cannabinol) Only trace amounts found in most hemp strains
- CBD (Cannabidiol) This compound make up about 40% of the hemp plant’s extract and has a proven impact on anxiety and insomnia as well as helping counteract cognitive impairment associated with cannabis use. This is why most people interchangeably use the terms hemp oil and CBD oil.
- CBD-A (Cannabidiolic Acid) It’s a compound in the trichomes, or resin glands and is a precursor to CBD.
- CBD-V (Cannabidivarin) It’s a homolog of CBD and has been shown to have anti-epileptic and anti-convulsive properties.
- CBG (Cannabigerol) By the time the plant has matured, most of the CBG has been converted to THC & CBD, so there’s usually about 1% left.
- CBG-A (Cannabigerolic Acid) It is known as the the parent molecule or mother cannabinoid as all other cannabinoids are made from it.
- CBC (Cannabichromene) It has antifungal, antiviral & anti-inflammatory properties and to the overall overall analgesic (pain relieving) effects of cannabis.
Now do you see why it’s important to take a full spectrum, whole plant hemp oil as opposed to once made from CBD isolate? I hope this has helped inform you and please feel free to share this information to help others make informed decisions.