The first thing you’ll probably notice when researching CBD hemp oils is that there are a confusing amount of numbers. The prominent number is usually the total amount of CBD or total cannabinoids contained in the bottle/container. Usually it is measured in milligrams or mg. It can usually vary between 100 – 2000mg and the potency of the product matches accordingly; the higher the number, the higher of the potency. *Note, be sure to match the CBD/cannabinoid milligrams to the same total bottle size as different companies offer different sizes such as 15 ml (½ ounce), the standard 30 ml (1 ounce), etc.
Some companies also list the amount of CBD/cannabinoids contained per serving. You could see something like 50mg/ml. This would mean there is 50 mg of CBD/cannabinoids per ml of oil. If it doesn’t list this info, you can do some simple math and divide the total mg listed and divide by the total bottle amount to get a mg/ml ratio.
Spagyric (or Spagyria) is an English word that means ‘alchemy’. Alchemy is over 4 thousand years old and the practice is meant to purify and perfect objects. How it relates to herbal medicine and remedies is through spagyrics. The spagyric process involves fermentation, extraction, purification, recombination and ending up with a raw tincture.
All of this is done without harsh chemicals, only organic alcohol and in vacuum so heat doesn’t destroy medicinal plant elements.
The premise behind spagyrics is 3 alchemical properties: Mercury, Salt & Sulfur. Let’s go into more detail into what they represent:
Mercury: the water element and life essence of the herb/plant and this is done through ethanol extraction.
Salt: the earth element and the mineral salts (see image above) extracted from the plant
Sulfur: the fire element and the oil essence of the plant.
How does hemp spagyric processing work?
(Below is a very simplified process, so please do not try to follow these instructions, as they may cause harm to you or someone else.)
Step two, after our ethanol extraction of the hemp plant material, is to take the leftover plant material and burn it to a white ash (Calcination) to extract the minerals and salts. Then it’s mixed with distilled water, filtered and evaporated to crystallize.
The last step is to take the raw hemp tincture from step one and recombined with the crystallized mineral salts. This product now contains all of the acids, oils and minerals in a purified and concentrated form and it has become a spagyric whole plant full spectrum hemp extract.
We then take this pure and raw complete full spectrum hemp extract and dilute it with fractionated coconut oil (so it doesn’t harden in colder temps) to create the desired potency. We only create high potency hemp oil products as they provide the highest medicinal value.
There are over 100 cannabinoids in the Cannabis Sativa L. hemp plant, but there are 10 that are the most commonly referred to compounds, each having their own unique properties and healing benefits. Below are the most common hemp cannabinoids.
This is why Zion Medicinals ONLY uses full spectrum whole plan hemp extracts in its oils & salves.
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) This is the psychoactive element that most people associate with a ‘high’ feeling, but it has medicinal properties as well.
THC-A (Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) thc-a converts to thc when the plant is dried, so if you wanted thc-a specific benefits you’d have to juice the plant raw.
THC-V or THV(Tetrahydrocannabivarin) Only trace amounts found in most hemp strains
CBN(Cannabinol) Only trace amounts found in most hemp strains
CBD (Cannabidiol) This compound make up about 40% of the hemp plant’s extract and has a proven impact on anxiety and insomnia as well as helping counteract cognitive impairment associated with cannabis use. This is why most people interchangeably use the terms hemp oil and CBD oil.
CBD-A (Cannabidiolic Acid) It’s a compound in the trichomes, or resin glands and is a precursor to CBD.
CBD-V (Cannabidivarin) It’s a homolog of CBD and has been shown to have anti-epileptic and anti-convulsive properties.
CBG (Cannabigerol) By the time the plant has matured, most of the CBG has been converted to THC & CBD, so there’s usually about 1% left.
CBG-A (Cannabigerolic Acid) It is known as the the parent molecule or mother cannabinoid as all other cannabinoids are made from it.
CBC (Cannabichromene) It has antifungal, antiviral & anti-inflammatory properties and to the overall overall analgesic (pain relieving) effects of cannabis.
Now do you see why it’s important to take a full spectrum, whole plant hemp oil as opposed to once made from CBD isolate? I hope this has helped inform you and please feel free to share this information to help others make informed decisions.
Entourage effect? Most hemp oils on the market are CBD-only tinctures. This means they have either used a CBD isolate and added a carrier oil like coconut or olive or processed the hemp and isolated only the CBD cannabinoid and marked it up up to 10x. On the opposite side of the hemp oil market are full spectrum hemp products (like Zion Medicinals). We use the whole plant to process and extract the full spectrum of cannabinoids to provide a superior product. Why is a full spectrum hemp oil more effective and have more medicinal qualities? Because of the ‘entourage effect’. The combination of several cannabis cannabinoids provide a product that is superior to isolates in their medical application as they work better together. How: affect multiple targets within the body, improve active ingredients absorption, overcome bacterial defense mechanism, minimize adverse side effects.
Most people who are familiar with hemp oil interchange its name with CBD oil. What a lot of users are not aware of is another subset of hemp oil call ‘full spectrum hemp oil’. What differentiates full spectrum from the standard CBD oil is the number of cannabinoids in the product. The hemp plant is made up of over 100 cannabinoids (chemical compound), but the 2 most recognized are CBD (Cannabidiol) and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). There are several other cannabinoids that have medicinal healing properties. The most common are: THC (plus A and V), CBD (plus A and V), CBN, CBG (plus A), CBC. While there is no regulation on how many cannabinoids qualify for ‘full spectrum’ status, Zion Medicinals’ full spectrum hemp extract has 7 cannabinoids to give the user the highest quality and medicinal healing benefits. Research has also found that a combined CBD and THC content product produces what’s called the ‘entourage effect’ and the final products works better together to achieve an enhanced result.
This question is probably the most asked and/or hesitation when a person is thinking about hemp oil treatment. To answer this question you need to understand cannabis. Cannabis contains over 100 cannabinoids, but the two prominent ones are CBD (Cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). CBD is a non-psychoactive element that has numerous medicinal properties. THC is the psychoactive component that people often associate with marijuana/weed and will give you a ‘high’ effect.
Industrial hemp, which most CBD oils are made from have a high CBD and low THC ratio. More specifically, most CBD oil companies process out all other cannabinoids (including THC) to leave only the CBD. This means that CBD hemp oil will never give you a psychoactive ‘high’ effect. One other piece of information is in regards to a term called ‘full spectrum’. Read more in the specific FAQ topic.
So now you what cbd oil is, but what is cbd oil used for? The biggest news of CBD benefits in the media has grasped onto is CBD oil for epilepsy. There’s a study that shows a conclusion of “highly promising” in effective treatment. Another study found that CBD can help in IBS treatment. We have personal experience in using a high potency full spectrum hemp oil to help with Lyme disease-induced insomnia. Click on the chart below to show how the major 10 cannabinoids (out of 100) can help ease symptoms.
Learn more in our Hemp CBD Oil Benefits blog post.
Technically, CBD is one of at least 100 cannabinoids in cannabis (hemp & marijuana). CBD oil does not come from hemp seeds. Some CBD oil companies will isolate the CBD from the plant and sell that. Others believe that a full spectrum product is more beneficial (like Zion Medicinals) and will use many cannabinoids in the final product (including .3% or below of THC).